After reaching a record high in 2016, China’s labor force shrank to around 805.67 million people in 2018. During the years that the one-child policy was in effect, life expectancy in China improved from 67 to 75 and fertility rate decreased from 2.8 to 1.7. They are not just sitting around doing nothing. Defending Prussian Social Policy: The Child Labor Law of 1839 On March 9, 1839, Prussia passed a law controlling the practice of child labor in its industrial regions. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) regularly conducts research and provides reports on trends in youth labor. At the same year, 11.6 percent of the children from China were in child labor at ages 10-14. There is a strong correlation between child labor and situations of conflict and disaster. This situation almost always leads them into child labor. Child labor violations included failing to provide obligatory medical checks (30 percent), employing minors in prohibited jobs (17 percent), engaging minors in overtime and holiday work (14 percent), and denying obligatory annual leave (10 percent). Ching-Ching Ni** of the Los Angeles Times wrote that in China, the Chinese government forbids child workers under the age of sixteen, but it is said that this law isn’t enforced very well. The Chinese Ministry of Public Security (MPS) publishes some data on trafficking-related investigations and convictions. Boys appear to face a greater risk of child labour than girls, but … There is a positive correlation between child labor and school drop out rates. Child labour is work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. ... comprising 10 percent of its labor market and enjoying some statutory labor rights. Chinese clothes factories import cheap child labour from across China Children forced to work 28 days a month, don’t get paid until end of year and are beaten when they misbehave. They try to help countries by organizing labor unions to do that. According to the Human Rights Watch** introductory article about child labor, the International Labor Organization** estimates that about 250 million children between the ages of five and fourteen work. 3 Many of these children start working as young as age 8, and 72-hour work weeks (more than 10 hours per day) are not uncommon. The majority (67.5%) of child labourers are unpaid family members. The number of children feared to be victims of labour exploitation in the UK has risen by more than 60 per cent in the past year, an analysis of government statistics has revealed. It is estimated that, of the 250 million children aged 5-14 years who are illegally employed worldwide, 61 percent are in Asia. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest prevalence, with one in five children in child labor. Of those cases, 4… However, within the limits of these laws, many youths are employed in seasonal or year-round jobs. Given that more than half the world’s cobalt comes from the DRC, that one fifth of it is extracted by artisanal (or informal) miners, and that around 40,000 children work in southern DRC where the cobalt is mined, there’s a chance that our phones contain child labour. Almost half of all 152 million children victims of child labour are aged 5-11 years; 42 million (28%) are 12-14 years old; and 37 million (24%) are 15-17 years old. In the Philippines, there are 2.1 million child labourers aged 5 to 17 years old based on the 2011 Survey on Children of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). The effects of China’s 36-year one-child policy, combined with dramatic improvements in health care, have contributed to increases in life expectancy and decreases in China’s birth rate. The Current State of Child Labor. The majority of child laborers are found in Asia and the Pacific. As China has one of the largest Asian economies and has rapidly transformed its economy in recent years, the issue of child labor is of particular significance within the country. However, child labor is one of the biggest contributors and problems of the Chinese economy. Laws and regulations limiting the extent of work that children can perform have been in place for many years. In 2009 alone, approximately one million workers suffered industrial injuries and about 20,000 were victims of occupational disease. For families with more than one child, it's a given that one of them, the girl, would be forced to work in the factories in order to help pay for their sibling's education. In estimates, as many as 10 million children are working in China’s factories, contributing their part to keep China a low-cost manufacturing powerhouse. Child labor can cause children to have mental, emotional, and spiritual development for the children. Percentage of children aged 5-17 years engaged in child labour (by sex) date_range October 2019 Download spreadsheet UNICEF Data : Monitoring the situation of children and women Robin Munro, a research director at the China Labor Bulletin said, “The rural education system in many parts of the countryside is in a state of virtual collapse. 73 million of these children are below 10 years old. There are also a number of national regulations that ban child labour and restrict the areas where young adults can work. In 2016, MPS reported investigating 1,004 cases of human trafficking and arresting 2,036 suspects. About 7.74 percent of children between the ages of 10-15 are laborers although the legal working age in China is 16. America’s history of curbing child labor in the 20th century points the way to a solution for a rising global problem. China has rules against Child labor but sadly, they don't do much to enforce it. An estimated 120 million are engaged in hazardous work. China is one of the world's top cotton producers and most of its crop is grown in Xinjiang. Poverty and development have driven a number of rural children away from getting an education, and pushing them to get jobs as child laborers. The employers of child laborers make as much as they can, for as little as they can, as if a life of a child is considered “little” at all. In Asia, with China being a leader in the manufacturing business, it's no surprise that they would house 61% of the 120 million full time child laborers. It forbade the factory employment of those younger than nine, limited the labor of youths under sixteen to ten hours a day, and outlawed night and Sunday shifts for children. Most of the families are unable to pay for even one child's tuition, and, therefore, that child is forced to find an alternative to going to school. Child labor is especially common in agriculture (98 million, or 59% of child laborers work in agriculture), followed by services (54 million) and industry (12 million). This estimate does not include figures on organ trafficking. China has made huge strides in becoming one of the largest economic and cultural hubs of the world over the past several years. – The Huffington Post, https://borgenproject.org/wp-content/uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.jpg, Top 10 Facts About Living Conditions in Hungary, Top 8 Most Influential First Ladies for Global Issues, International Labor Organization’s Minimum Age Convention, UN’s Convention on the Rights of the Child. Just over a decade ago, child labour was a “widespread, systematic and increasingly serious problem in China. Estimates by the Association of Farmworker Opportunity programs, based on figures gathered by the Department of Labor, suggest that there are approximately 500,000 child farmworkers in the United States. As of November 2019, China's population stood at 1.394 billion, the largest of any country in the world.According to the 2010 census, 91.51% of the population was Han Chinese, and 8.49% were minorities. Some just 13”. Child labor is not a negligible social phenomenon in China; about 7.74% of children aged from 10 to 15 were working in 2010, and they worked for 6.75 h per day on average, and spent 6.42 h less per day on study than other children. ” Teenagers from poor rural families regularly dropped out of school to work in nearby factories, restaurants etc. It is safe to assume that most are engaged in some kind of work illegally.” In some rural areas, like those from which Jia Wanyun were from, “every family has a child working in a factory. Below are child labor statistics and facts that might come as a surprise to you: More than 200 million children today are child labourers. 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